Nutrition in Pregnancy

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Nutrition in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a very important stage of life, in which food plays a very important role. Through food, proper growth and development of the baby can be favored as well as promoting adequate weight gain for the mother through a healthy lifestyle.

Here are some recommendations to help you have a good diet during pregnancy:

Symptoms

Due to the changes that occur in pregnancy, it is common to find gastrointestinal discomfort. Some recommendations to avoid discomfort are:

Nausea and vomiting
It is recommended to eat small and frequent meals, avoid strong odors, as well as foods high in fat, spicy and irritating. It is important to drink enough water throughout the day (2 liters) to avoid any type of dehydration. Another important point is to separate solid foods from liquids and eating crackers or ginger has been shown to help relieve nausea.

Reflux
It is recommended to avoid lying down after eating for at least 3 hours, sleeping semi-sitting, eating small and frequent meals, avoiding foods that promote reflux (fatty, spicy, acidic foods, tomato, carbonated drinks, and those that contain caffeine). Also, you can use a calcium-based antacid (take it in moderation) or magnesium-based antacids.

Constipation and hemorrhoids
In this case, it is extremely important to increase your water consumption to a minimum of 2 liters a day and try to consume foods high in fiber, for example, fruits and vegetables with peel, whole grains, legumes, among others.

Remember, following these recommendations will promote a healthy pregnancy; do not forget to consult with a nutritionist to monitor your pregnancy and promote healthy weight gain.

Symptoms

Due to the changes that occur in pregnancy, it is common to find gastrointestinal discomfort. Some recommendations to avoid discomfort are:

Nausea and vomiting
It is recommended to eat small and frequent meals, avoid strong odors, as well as foods high in fat, spicy and irritating. It is important to drink enough water throughout the day (2 liters) to avoid any type of dehydration. Another important point is to separate solid foods from liquids and eating crackers or ginger has been shown to help relieve nausea.

Reflux
It is recommended to avoid lying down after eating for at least 3 hours, sleeping semi-sitting, eating small and frequent meals, avoiding foods that promote reflux (fatty, spicy, acidic foods, tomato, carbonated drinks, and those that contain caffeine). Also, you can use a calcium-based antacid (take it in moderation) or magnesium-based antacids.

Constipation and hemorrhoids
In this case, it is extremely important to increase your water consumption to a minimum of 2 liters a day and try to consume foods high in fiber, for example, fruits and vegetables with peel, whole grains, legumes, among others.

Remember, following these recommendations will promote a healthy pregnancy; do not forget to consult with a nutritionist to monitor your pregnancy and promote healthy weight gain.

Nutrition during breastfeeding

Nutrition plays a very important role in the breastfeeding stage, as it can help to produce milk and promote an adequate state of health for mother and baby.

Breast milk is made up of all the nutrients necessary for proper growth and development during the first months of the baby’s life as it contains protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. In addition to providing benefits to the infant, breastfeeding provides benefits to the mother. Among these benefits are weight loss. Breastfeeding is a process that demands a lot of energy, therefore it has been observed that women who practice breastfeeding tend to lose the pregnancy weight faster. This benefit can be observed significantly in those women who breastfeed for 6 months.


Some important points to consider at this stage are:

During this stage women require greater energy consumption.

Since breastfeeding is a process that demands a lot of energy, it is important to have 3 main meals, with 1-2 snacks, as well as to eat a varied and balanced diet.

The diet to be carried out at this stage must be balanced, complete and varied.

Foods rich in protein (both animal and vegetable) should be included, such as lean meats, chicken, eggs, dairy, legumes (beans, lentils, soy, chickpea, etc.) and low-mercury fish. Likewise, the consumption of cereals and whole grains as well as fruits and vegetables is recommended.

Include different foods throughout the day.

Food can flavor milk differently, which can help the baby accept food more easily when introducing solid foods. You should try to include different preparations and foods to be able to obtain this variety. One tip is to try to make the plate look very colorful.

As in pregnancy, protein plays a very important role during breastfeeding.

that is why it should be included at each mealtime, it can be of animal and/or vegetable origin.

During this stage women require greater energy consumption.

Since breastfeeding is a process that demands a lot of energy, it is important to have 3 main meals, with 1-2 snacks, as well as to eat a varied and balanced diet.

The diet to be carried out at this stage must be balanced, complete and varied.

Foods rich in protein (both animal and vegetable) should be included, such as lean meats, chicken, eggs, dairy, legumes (beans, lentils, soy, chickpea, etc.) and low-mercury fish. Likewise, the consumption of cereals and whole grains as well as fruits and vegetables is recommended.

Include different foods throughout the day.

Food can flavor milk differently, which can help the baby accept food more easily when introducing solid foods. You should try to include different preparations and foods to be able to obtain this variety. One tip is to try to make the plate look very colorful.

As in pregnancy, protein plays a very important role during breastfeeding.

that is why it should be included at each mealtime, it can be of animal and/or vegetable origin.

Our
Locations

At ABC Medical Center, we are prepared to serve you in out two Campuses 24/24h, 7 days a week.

Campus Observatorio

Sur 136 No. 116, Col. Las Américas,
Álvaro Obregón, 01120, Cd. de México.

Tel. 55 5230 8000

Campus Santa Fe

Av. Carlos Graef Fernández 154, Col. Santa Fe,
Cuajimalpa, 05300, Cd. de México.

Tel. 55 1103 1600