It is a mental condition that produces abrupt mood changes, such as feeling happy and full of energy and then falling into depression and apathy, altering behavior, reasoning, energy levels, and lucidity.
Until now, the causes that generate bipolar disorder are unknown, but some studies refer to genetic and biological abnormalities that produce changes in brain function and structure.
People with a family history of bipolar disorder, traumatic or stressful situations, or excessive consumption of drugs and alcohol, can trigger their appearance.
This illness, also known as manic depression and manic-depressive disorder, is classified as:
- Bipolarity 1: manic episodes lasting an average of seven days or severe manic symptoms that require urgent medical attention.
- Bipolarity 2: hypomanic depressive episodes.
- Cyclothymic: hypomanic and depressive symptoms.