Hip dysplasia

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Hip dysplasia?

It consists of the partial or total dislocation of the hip joint. In most cases it is a congenital condition, that is, from birth. For this reason, pediatricians usually check the baby from the beginning with the aim of identifying signs of hip dysplasia, since an early diagnosis facilitates treatment and recovery. Therapy with an immobilization device is enough when diagnosed early, but when it is not identified in childhood, in mild cases, it can appear in adolescence or youth causing serious damage to the joint, requiring surgery to rearrange bones and joints.  Causes: In babies, the hip joint is a soft cartilage until it gets stronger and transforms into bone tissue over time. However, when there is reduced space in the uterus, the joint does not fit properly and therefore its morphology is abnormal, causing hip dysplasia. Potential risks: As it is a hereditary condition that prevails in women, it has a higher incidence when babies are in a feet-and-buttocks position with their knees evenly extended.

Symptoms

The most obvious sign in a baby is when one of its legs is longer, while in a child it is a limp or shuffling.  In the case of adolescents and young people, it tends to favor the appearance of osteoarthritis with the consequent symptoms of pain, inflammation, and hip imbalance.

Diagnosis and treatment

When it is not certain that we are facing hip dysplasia, X-rays or MRI will be requested. The treatment for babies is the use of an immobilization device that helps correct the problem, but when it comes to young people or adults with severe complications, surgery is indicated to adjust the bones and joints that provide mobility and minimize symptoms.  For older adults whose damage is very severe and disabling, hip replacement surgery is recommended. At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care. We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:
  • Arthroscopic surgery.
  • Partial and total joint replacement surgery (prostheses).
  • Trauma surgery.
  • Hand surgery. 
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.
We treat injuries such as:
  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.

Fuentes: 

  • cigna.com
  • artroscopiagc.es
  • mayoclinic.org
  • cun.es
  • medigraphic.com
  • Arana HEI. Iniciando el tratamiento del paciente con displasia de cadera, ¿el éxito depende de la edad? . Ortho-tips. 2017;13(4):194-198.
  • Olivo-Rodríguez AG, Redón-Tavera A. Detección temprana clínica y radiológica básica de la displasia congénita de cadera en unidades médicas del primer nivel de atención. Acta Ortop Mex. 2016;30(2):67-72.
  • Kelley SP, Bradley CS, Wedge JH. El manejo quirúrgico de la displasia del desarrollo de la cadera luxada. Técnica quirúrgica, optimizando los resultados y resultados a largo plazo. Rev Mex Ortop Ped. 2013;15(1):32-39.
  • Cymet-Ramírez J, Álvarez-Martínez MM, García-Pinto G, et al. El diagnóstico oportuno de la displasia de cadera. Enfermedad discapacitante de por vida. Consenso del Colegio Mexicano de Ortopedia y Traumatología. Acta Ortop Mex. 2011;25(5):313-322.

						
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