It consists of the partial or total dislocation of the hip joint. In most cases it is a congenital condition, that is, from birth. For this reason, pediatricians usually check the baby from the beginning with the aim of identifying signs of hip dysplasia, since an early diagnosis facilitates treatment and recovery.
Therapy with an immobilization device is enough when diagnosed early, but when it is not identified in childhood, in mild cases, it can appear in adolescence or youth causing serious damage to the joint, requiring surgery to rearrange bones and joints.
In babies, the hip joint is a soft cartilage until it gets stronger and transforms into bone tissue over time. However, when there is reduced space in the uterus, the joint does not fit properly and therefore its morphology is abnormal, causing hip dysplasia.
As it is a hereditary condition that prevails in women, it has a higher incidence when babies are in a feet-and-buttocks position with their knees evenly extended.