Rhinitis

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Rhinitis?

It is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by the presence of recurrent sneezing, congestion, and excessive mucus. It usually lasts a few hours and is repeated for several days. Rhinitis is classified into:
  • Allergic
  • Non-allergic.
In the case of non-allergic rhinitis several factors contribute to its appearance:
  • Some medications such as beta-blockers, painkillers, and antidepressants, among others.
  • Very hot or overly seasoned foods.
  • Alcohol.
  • Environmental changes.
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux.
  • Being exposed to pollutants, chemicals, and cigarette smoke.
  • Viral infections.
  • Diabetes.
  • Excessive use of nasal decongestants.

Symptoms

Symptoms are intermittent and include:
  • Nasal congestion.
  • Runny nose.
  • Frequent sneezing.
  • Loss of smell
  • Mucus in the throat.
  • Coughing fits.
Rhinitis can cause complications, such as:
  • Sinusitis.
  • Polyps inside the nose.

Diagnosis and treatment

Rhinitis can be caused by an allergic reaction, so your doctor, who in addition to performing a physical examination and reviewing your medical history, will request:
  • Blood test.
  • Skin test
  • Nasal endoscopy.
  • Computed tomography.
Nonallergic rhinitis is usually treated with nasal sprays:
  • Saline solution.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Anticholinergics.
  • Decongestants
In severe cases, such as a deviated nasal septum or the presence of nasal polyps, surgery may be required to correct these abnormalities. Prevention: If you suffer from non-allergic rhinitis:
  • Avoid the factors that trigger it.
  • Do not abuse nasal decongestants, as they can worsen symptoms and lead to further complications.
At the ABC Medical Center Internal Medicine Department we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies, of chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes:

  • cdc.gov
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cun.es
  • medigraphic.com
  • Cerino JR, Carballo CM, García CR. Estigmas atópicos en preescolares con rinitis alérgica. Alerg Asma Inmunol Pediatr. 2007;16(2):47-53.
  • Martínez OBL, Pedroza M?, Contreras VFA. Inmunoterapia intralinfática para el manejo de patologías alérgicas en el paciente pediátrico. Revisión sistemática de ensayos clínicos. Alerg Asma Inmunol Pediatr. 2021;30(1):5-12. doi:10.35366/100111.
  • Salazar GDM, Guerrero MAL, Flores ALP. Perfil estacional en adultos con rinitis alérgica en una unidad de medicina familiar. Aten Fam. 2021;28(2):106-110.
  • Martínez-Salazar NE, Márquez-López OL. Utilidad del flujo nasal inspiratorio pico para evaluar el grado de obstrucción nasal con la escala NOSE como herramienta de pronóstico de respuesta al tratamiento de rinitis alérgica. Otorrinolaringología. 2019;64(3):84-90.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.