ABC Medical Center > Rhinitis

What is Rhinitis?

21:56 - 4 May , 2021


It is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by the presence of recurrent sneezing, congestion, and excessive mucus. It usually lasts a few hours and is repeated for several days.

Rhinitis is classified into:

  • Allergic
  • Non-allergic.

In the case of non-allergic rhinitis several factors contribute to its appearance:

  • Some medications such as beta-blockers, painkillers, and antidepressants, among others.
  • Very hot or overly seasoned foods.
  • Alcohol.
  • Environmental changes.
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux.
  • Being exposed to pollutants, chemicals, and cigarette smoke.
  • Viral infections.
  • Diabetes.
  • Excessive use of nasal decongestants.

Signs and symptoms Rhinitis

Symptoms are intermittent and include:

  • Nasal congestion.
  • Runny nose.
  • Frequent sneezing.
  • Loss of smell
  • Mucus in the throat.
  • Coughing fits.

Rhinitis can cause complications, such as:

  • Sinusitis.
  • Polyps inside the nose.

Diagnosis and treatment Rhinitis

Rhinitis can be caused by an allergic reaction, so your doctor, who in addition to performing a physical examination and reviewing your medical history, will request:

  • Blood test.
  • Skin test
  • Nasal endoscopy.
  • Computed tomography.

Nonallergic rhinitis is usually treated with nasal sprays:

  • Saline solution.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Anticholinergics.
  • Decongestants

In severe cases, such as a deviated nasal septum or the presence of nasal polyps, surgery may be required to correct these abnormalities.


If you suffer from non-allergic rhinitis:

  • Avoid the factors that trigger it.
  • Do not abuse nasal decongestants, as they can worsen symptoms and lead to further complications.

At the ABC Medical Center Internal Medicine Department we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies, of chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.


  • cdc.gov
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cun.es
  • medigraphic.com
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  • Salazar GDM, Guerrero MAL, Flores ALP. Perfil estacional en adultos con rinitis alérgica en una unidad de medicina familiar. Aten Fam. 2021;28(2):106-110.
  • Martínez-Salazar NE, Márquez-López OL. Utilidad del flujo nasal inspiratorio pico para evaluar el grado de obstrucción nasal con la escala NOSE como herramienta de pronóstico de respuesta al tratamiento de rinitis alérgica. Otorrinolaringología. 2019;64(3):84-90.

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