ABC Medical Center > Padecimientos > Kaposi sarcoma

Kaposi sarcoma

21:55 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Kaposi sarcoma?

It is an oncological condition that causes reddish skin and subcutaneous lesions at the blood and lymphatic vessels, usually in the mouth, nose, throat, and lymph nodes, and may, in severe cases, spread to the lungs and the digestive system. These reddish-colored tumor lesions can also appear on the face and lower limbs. Kaposi sarcoma is the consequence of an infection caused by the human herpesvirus 8, which, although it goes unnoticed in people with a strong immune system, in patients with low defenses, is usually the cause of the appearance of this cancer. Likewise, when there is HIV infection, there is a high risk of developing this condition, since by weakening the immune system, it allows human herpes 8 to multiply.

Symptoms

  • Reddish-colored lesions on:
    • Face.
    • Mouth.
    • Nodes.
    • Stomach.
    • Intestine.
    • Lungs.
    • Liver.
  • High fever.
  • Coughing fits.
  • Mouth ulcers.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Trouble breathing.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your doctor reviews your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination in which they will pay special attention to your skin lesions, so they will take a sample to be analyzed in the laboratory. As for possible internal injuries, they will perform a series of tests such as:
  • Endoscopy.
  • Colonoscopy.
  • Computed tomography.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET).
  • Fecal occult blood test.
  • Chest x-ray
  • Bronchoscopy.
The treatment to follow will depend on the type of Kaposi sarcoma you suffer from. Regularly, if it is related to HIV/AIDS it is more serious, although the antiviral drugs used in this condition reduce its intensity. Similarly, it is important to determine the number of external and internal injuries and the effects they produce, considering that if you suffer from another cancer or diabetes, the complications increase significantly. There are several therapeutic options for skin lesions, including:
  • Surgical procedure to remove them.
  • Electrodesiccation.
  • Cryotherapy.
For internal injuries:
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Immunotherapy.
Since its inauguration in 2009, our Cancer Center offers chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments at the level of the best medical centers in the world through a comprehensive care model for cancer patients. In chemotherapy, we include the most innovative therapies in comfortable facilities specially designed for your peace of mind and comfort. In radiotherapy procedures, we provide you with evidence-based treatment plans discussed together with experts from Houston Methodist Hospital, using state-of-the-art technological equipment in state-of-the-art facilities.

Fuentes:

  • cancer.org
  • cancer.net
  • cancer.gov
  • topdoctors.es
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medigraphic.com
  • Uribe BE, Alba AMV, Londoño CA, et al. Sarcoma de Kaposi cutáneo y visceral extenso asociado a inmunosupresión. Dermatología Cosmética, Médica y Quirúrgica. 2017;15(1):18-21.
  • Alpízar-QuesadaO. Sarcoma de Kaposi perianal. Mediciego. 2019;25(3):372-373.
  • DíazCGP, AlvaradoSA, delaGarza AI, et al. Sarcoma de Kaposi asociado al VIH/SIDA: importancia de su diagnóstico para un correcto manejo odontológico. Rev ADM. 2020;77(2):100-107. doi:10.35366/93103.
  • Alcalá VT, Oliva VDC, Pérez LAS. Amigdalitis hemorrágica como presentación de Sarcoma de Kaposi. Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas. 2019;18(2):241-253.

						
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