ABC Medical Center > Sprains

What is Sprains?

21:54 - 4 May , 2021


These are ligament sprains or tears caused by an overextension or when a joint is placed in an unnatural position, causing pain and inflammation. The most common are the ankle sprains.

They are classified in degrees according to their severity:

  • Grade 1: ligament strain without rupture.
  • Grade 2: partial tear of the ligament.
  • Grade 3: total tear of the ligament.

Signs and symptoms Sprains

  • Muscle pain.
  • Obvious swelling.
  • Joint pain and stiffness.
  • Bruising.


Although a sprain can occur at any time, it is important to consider the following recommendations to reduce potential risks:

  • Avoid wearing high-heeled shoes.
  • Establish a warm-up and stretching program before engaging in physical activity or sports.
  • Wear shoes that fit your foot properly and support your ankles during sports.
  • Wear shoes that fit your foot correctly.

Diagnosis and treatment Sprains

Your orthopedist will assess your case through a physical examination and will review your medical history, he or she will tell you if additional diagnostic studies such as X-rays or MRI are required, and will indicate the steps to follow to control the pain and inflammation, which may include:

  • Rest.
  • Ice.
  • Compression in the injury area.
  • Keep the affected part elevated.

If your injury is very serious, you may require surgery to repair torn ligaments.

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:

  • Arthroscopic surgery.
  • Partial and total joint replacement surgery (prostheses).
  • Trauma surgery.
  • Hand surgery. 
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.

We treat injuries such as:

  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.


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  • mayoclinic.com
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medlineplus.gov
  • cuidateplus.marca.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Parra-Téllez P, Muñoz-Fernández I, López-Gavito E. Inestabilidad crónica lateral de tobillo. Técnica modificada . Acta Ortop Mex. 2019;33(3):135-140.
  • Catalán RDE, Sierra PM, Ceballos SJA, et al. Tratamiento de esguince de tobillo grado II en adultos laboralmente activos: Inmovilización contra vendaje funcional. Rev Sanid Milit Mex. 2018;72(3-4):240-245.
  • García PK, Hernández RSI, Larrañaga MAR, et al. Propuesta de rehabilitación funcional para el tratamiento del esguince de tobillo e inestabilidad lateral en atletas de alto rendimiento. Ortho-tips. 2016;12(1):49-56.
  • Cisneros FA. Inestabilidad lateral crónica del tobillo. Ortho-tips. 2016;12(1):31-37.

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    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.