Dislocations

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Dislocations?

It is when there is a separation of both bones that make up a joint. However, when said separation is only partial it is called a pseudoluxation. 

Dislocations are usually caused by blows, strains, sports practice, or wounds and injuries. In the latter case they are known as open type.

Joint realignment is usually necessary to fix a dislocation, although on some occasions the bones can be inserted without the intervention of a doctor.

Potential risks 

Although dislocations do not normally represent serious complications, depending on the degree and the joint in which they occurred, there are risks of incapacitating the affected joint with mobility problems, and in more serious cases, they can be fatal, especially in open dislocations that have a high probability of infection or internal bleeding, or those that interrupt blood circulation or affect a nerve, which can cause serious vascular or nerve damage. 

Symptoms

Being injuries that often involve several types of accidents, dislocations can be accompanied by other musculoskeletal damage, so it is important to identify them in order to treat them properly and in order of importance.

A physical examination is required, including a vascular and neurological evaluation, as well as stress tests.

Similarly, it will be necessary to take X-rays, computed tomography, and MRI to determine the degree of dislocation and confirm or rule out adjacent injuries.

Diagnosis and treatment

Most dislocations can be solved by resetting the bones in the joint through external manipulation, but in severe cases or where fractures, vascular, or nerve damage are involved, open surgery is necessary. 

In mild dislocations, once the bones have been realigned, the joint is immobilized with a cast or splint and painkillers and anti-inflammatories are prescribed. Time of rest will depend on the severity of the injury and how the recovery progresses.

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:

  • Arthroscopic surgery.
  • Partial and total joint replacement surgery (prostheses).
  • Trauma surgery.
  • Hand surgery. 
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.

We treat injuries such as:

  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.

Fuentes:

  • stanfordchildrens.org 
  • mayoclinic.org
  • msdmanuals.com
  • fisioterapia-online.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Morejón TY, Ferrer LY. Luxación inveterada del semilunar. Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatología. 2020;34(1):1-8.
  • Peñaranda-Calzado MA, Torres-Nieves JC, Alonso-Morell JA. Luxación subastragalina medial. Mediciego. 2019;25(4):461-471.
  • Fernández PLJ, González PR, Miravete GA. Luxación posterior bilateral de hombro. An Med Asoc Med Hosp ABC. 2020;65(2):130-134. doi:10.35366/94366. 
  • Trujillo-Chávez P, Montelongo-Mercado EA, Palmieri-Bouchan RB, et al. Descripción de la técnica quirúrgica de mínima invasión guiada por fluoroscopia de la luxación acromioclavicular. Rev Sanid Milit Mex. 2017;71(4):342-348.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.