Once the doctor analyzes your symptoms and your medical history, a series of necessary tests are required to confirm the diagnosis.
Within the laboratory tests, urine and blood tests are required such as blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, liver and kidney function, antibody test, and a general urine test.
Also, when there is suspicion of heart or lung damage, imaging studies such as X-rays and cardiac ultrasound will be necessary.
If it is considered essential to know an organ’s degree of involvement, your doctor will indicate the procedure to obtain a tissue biopsy of the organ in question.
Although the treatment to be followed depends on the specific case and symptoms, the most frequently used medications are:
- Immunosuppressants: used to reduce the immune system’s ability to stop the most serious lupus crises, with liver failure, risk of developing cancer, infertility, and recurrent infections as possible sequelae.
- Corticosteroids: efficient in reducing inflammation, but with side effects, such as the possible development of high blood pressure, osteoporosis, diabetes, overweight, and recurrent infections.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: they relieve pain and swelling and act as antipyretics, although their extended use can cause kidney, gastrointestinal, and cardiac effects.
- Antimalarials: they weaken the immune system, which helps prevent lupus crises, but contribute to the development of infections, gastrointestinal and eye problems.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.