Lyme disease

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Lyme disease?

It is a condition caused by a bacterial infection that certain types of ticks transmit through their bite, especially the so-called deer tick. The chances of getting infected are greater if you live, work, or vacation in forested areas where the ticks that transmit the disease thrive. The longer the tick remains attached to your skin, the greater the risk of infecting you. Lyme disease has three stages:
  • Localized.
  • Disseminated.
  • Late.

Symptoms

Generally, a small reddish lump appears. It can appear after a month of being infected, manifesting the following symptoms:
  • Headache.
  • Pain in different parts of the body.
  • Chills.
  • Rash.
  • Tiredness and weakness.
  • High fever.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Numb neck.
If you have these symptoms, live or have been in an area where Lyme disease is common, see a specialist and avoid complications that may affect your health. Potential risks: If Lyme disease is not treated in time, new symptoms can appear, such as:
  • Memory impairment
  • Arthritis.
  • Swollen eyes.
  • Hepatitis.
  • Heart rhythm irregularities.
  • Facial paralysis and neuropathies.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination and request the following tests to rule out or confirm the diagnosis: ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is the indicated test which, if positive, will make an immunoblot to identify antibodies against various proteins of the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the treatment to be followed will be based on the administration of specific oral or intravenous antibiotics, painkillers, and anti-inflammatories, depending on the case. It is likely that after treatment, some symptoms, such as muscle pain and tiredness, are still present, this is what is known as Lyme disease post-treatment syndrome.
  • Avoid going off the road when you are in a rough area and have contact with bushes and brush.
  • Wear boots or closed shoes.
  • Wear long, closed pants inside boots or shoes, as well as long-sleeved shirts.
  • Wear light-colored clothing to better distinguish ticks.
  • When you are outdoors, avoid sitting on the ground or leaning against trees or rocks.
  • If you have long hair, tie it up or wear a cap to protect it.
  • Use insect repellent.
  • Frequently inspect your body and clothing for ticks.
  • Wash your clothes and shower after visiting wild areas.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • cdc.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • kidshealth.org
  • medigraphic.com
  • Guevara-Valmaña OI, Martínez-Jiménez A, Mendoza-García JG. Enfermedad de Lyme en la Ciudad de México. Med Int Mex. 2019;35(3):435-440.
  • García TMG, Shkurovich BP, Collado CMÁ, et al. Mononeuritis múltiple como manifestación neurológica de infección por Borrelia burgdorferi. An Med Asoc Med Hosp ABC. 2016;61(2):150-155.
  • Mejía-Terrazas GE, López-Ruiz VG, Infante-Cosío G, et al. Estimulación de cordones posteriores en adolescente con síndrome de dolor regional complejo por enfermedad de Lyme. Reporte de un caso. Acta Ortop Mex. 2015;29(4):228-231.
  • García MME, Skinner TC, Salas AJC, et al. Enfermedad de Lyme: actualizaciones. Gac Med Mex. 2014;150(1):84-95.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.