ABC Medical Center > Periodontitis

What is Periodontitis?

21:55 - 4 May , 2021


It is also known as periodontal disease and refers to a serious bacterial infection in the gums that damages the tissues that surround the teeth and the bone that supports them. It is a common condition caused by poor dental cleaning habits, that is, not brushing your teeth after each meal or using dental floss. In addition, drugs and smoking contribute significantly to its appearance.

Periodontitis is the most serious phase of gingivitis, so if it is not detected and treated in time, it can cause the loss of teeth.

Some of the factors that can trigger it include:

  • Hormonal abnormalities.
  • Poor dental hygiene.
  • Smoking.
  • Drug addiction.
  • Genetic factors.
  • Previous gingivitis.
  • Intake of drugs that dry the mouth.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Vitamin C deficiency.
  • Some conditions such as arthritis, cancer, diabetes, and AIDS.
  • Overweight and obesity.

Signs and symptoms Periodontitis

The most frequent symptoms consist of:

  • Loosening of teeth.
  • Pain when biting or chewing.
  • Reddish tissue in the gums.
  • Inflammation of the gums.
  • Bleeding from the gums when brushing or flossing.
  • Sensitivity in the gums.
  • Receding gums.
  • Bad breath.
  • Modification of interdental spaces.

If you have any of these symptoms, you must see your dentist as soon as possible to treat your problem and avoid complications.

Diagnosis and treatment Periodontitis

Your dentist, after reviewing your symptoms and medical history, will examine your teeth and gums for plaque and tartar buildup and ease of bleeding. They may take x-rays of your teeth to check your degree of bone damage. The treatment to follow will depend on your case, but if the periodontitis is not serious, it consists of less invasive procedures, such as:

  • Cleaning and scraping: tartar and bacteria are removed from the teeth and gums using dental instruments, laser, or ultrasound.
  • Root technique: it consists of removing protuberances and depressions from the dental surface to prevent plaque and tartar from accumulating.
  • Antibiotics: systemic orally and through mouthwashes.

The goal of treatment is to deep clean the gums and prevent damage to the bone that supports the teeth. When the injuries are too serious, the indicated option is surgery through bone and soft tissue grafts to prevent the loss of teeth.


In addition to treatment, you can take the following steps to speed up the healing process and reduce the risk of developing periodontitis, such as:

  • Brushing your teeth after every meal.
  • Flossing daily.
  • Seeing your dentist regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

ABC Medical Center invites you to take care of your dental health with our professional team of highly qualified and ethical dentists supported by cutting-edge technology, which guarantees high quality and safe service in our comfortable and functional facilities with all the state-of-the-art dental advances, achieving rapid attention with a high degree of precision and efficiency.


  • Pérez ADV, Pérez AJ. Características microbiológicas de la periimplantitis y la periodontitis. MediSan. 2020;24(05):982-1003.
  • Pérez BBR, Ortiz MC, Duharte GC, et al. Severidad de la periodontitis crónica en el adulto mayor. Revista de Ciencias Médicas de la Habana. 2020;27(2):141-150.
  • Grillo RG, Pérez DJC, Hernández GD. Relación orto-periodontal. Medicentro. 2020;24(2):444-451.
  • Ruiz-García L, Cruz-Rubio JA, Carrillo-Ávila BA, et al. Asociación del polimorfismo -174 G>C del gen IL-6 en pacientes con periodontitis estadio II grado B. Rev Biomed. 2021;32(2):78-86.

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