It is when a lung collapses partially or totally. It is a condition that arises at the moment in which, for some reason, the air leaves the lung, filling the space between the chest and the lung, causing high pressure that prevents this organ’s normal expansion, causing it to collapse.
The most common causes of pneumothorax are trauma, gunshot or stab wounds, rib fractures, ruptured air blisters, receiving mechanical ventilation, certain invasive medical procedures, or the effect of a lung condition such as cystic fibrosis, cancer, or pneumonia.
The most common symptoms are sudden sore chest and breathing difficulties, where obviously, the intensity of the symptoms will depend on the collapse magnitude, considering that sometimes it can have fatal consequences.
When we are faced with the presence of a severe pneumothorax, the indicated treatment consists of suppressing the excessive air through a pleural tube or a needle.