Acute Myocardial Infarction – AMI Code

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Acute Myocardial Infarction- AMI Code

Acute myocardial infarction is an event in which a series of changes occur in the heart tissue, caused by the obstruction of a coronary artery or decreased blood flow, causing low oxygen supply in the cardiac cell, culminating in cell death and loss of heart tissue.

What causes an acute myocardial Infarction?

The obstruction or narrowing of the coronary arteries is due to different causes, which occur gradually and are associated with the following risk factors:

infarto-miocardio-tabaco

Tobacco use

infarto-miocardio-obesidad

Obesity

infarto-miocardio-sedentarismo

Sedentary lifestyle

infarto-miocardio-hipertension

Hypertension

infarto-miocardio-colesterol

High cholesterol

infarto-miocardio-diabetes

Old age

Cardiometabolic Check up

Cardiometabolic Check up

We put at your disposal the Cardiometabolic Check-up to detect and treat risk factors (such as obesity, overweight, glucose intolerance, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, etc.).

At Centro Médico ABC we have a program for the prevention and care of Acute Myocardial Infarction called the AMI Code.

We follow a rigorous protocol for heart attack care to restore myocardial blood flow
(reperfusion) in less than 60 minutes (which is the international standard), thereby
reducing mortality, hospitalization time, and the possibility of complications.
At Centro Médico ABC we have a clinical guide for the care of acute
myocardial infarction for timely diagnosis, effective and efficient treatment
with care protocols based on international standards.
We have certified and highly competent interventional cardiologists on site (24/7) and the support of a specialized staff.
Since 2016 we have treated more than 100 cases with an average
attention time below 76 minutes, more than 15% below the international goal.

Attention to the main signs that can indicate the presence of a heart attack:

  • Pain or tightness in the chest or pit of the stomach
  • Sudden cold sweat and nausea
  • Jaw pain
  • Neck pain that travels to the neck and arms
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Loss of consciousness
  • For a person having a heart attack, every minute is important. Remember, the faster you get to a hospital, the more treatment you can get.

If you notice any of these symptoms, call the emergency room. At Centro Médico ABC we can help you. Every minute is important!

55 5230 8198

We have Interventional Cardiologists 24/7 for the timely care of the heart attack.

Grupo de cirujanos alrededor de un paciente bajo cirugía.

How does the AMI Code work? “Time is muscle”

Upon your arrival at the Emergency Unit of Centro Médico ABC, the doctor will make an assessment to make a timely diagnosis and offer treatment as quickly as possible.

The diagnosis is made by presenting at least two of the following criteria:

  • Suggestive symptoms, such as crushing chest pain, sweating, and migration of pain to another part of the body.
  • Specific changes in the electrocardiogram.
  • Laboratory studies with elevation of enzymes related to heart tissue damage.

After the suspicion of acute myocardial infarction, the following is carried out, in the shortest possible time:

  • An electrocardiogram is performed.
  • Laboratory samples are sent to look for substances in the blood that are released by damaged heart tissue (heart proteins or enzymes).
  • An IV catheter is placed so that medications can be given; nitroglycerin and/or morphine are given to relieve pain and anxiety.
  • Medications are given as medically prescribed to help stop new blood clots
    from forming.
  • Cardiac catheterization: with this method, a small plastic tube (catheter) is passed through a blood vessel (artery), usually in the groin, to the coronary arteries. A dye (contrast agent) is injected that allows the arteries to be seen on an X-ray, if occlusions or narrowing of the blood vessels are found, a procedure known as percutaneous coronary intervention (also known as
    stenting) may be performed.
  • Stenting: with this procedure, a small catheter with a balloon at the
    end is “pushed” into the narrowed coronary artery, then the balloon is inflated, helping to open the affected artery. A stent (an expandable metal tube) is placed in the artery to prevent the narrowing from recurring.
  • In general, the best result occurs when the artery is preferably opened
    for 60 to 120 minutes.
Grupo de cirujanos alrededor de un paciente bajo cirugía.

After emergency treatment

It is necessary to be hospitalized in the Coronary Care Unit or Critical Care Unit service of the Centro Médico ABC for cardiovascular surveillance and monitoring, the optimal duration of admission should be assessed in each particular case, considering cardiac risk, comorbidities, functional status and the social support of
the patient in addition to the success of the reperfusion treatment carried out, since electrical complications such as cardiac arrhythmias can occur as a consequence of the inflammation of the heart, so you must be connected to a monitor 24 hours a day.

Multidisciplinary evaluation and perspectives upon release

At Centro Médico ABC, we have a cardiovascular rehabilitation program to support patients who have suffered from a cardiovascular event, to incorporate our patients into their normal life.

Our cardiac rehabilitation team works with patients so that they can regain their strength and reduce the risk of future heart problems, as well as help them lead a healthy lifestyle and be able to join their daily activities in the safest way and as fast as possible.

Paciente en rehabilitación sosteniendo una mancuerna.

Psychological evaluation

Cardiovascular disease has physical and emotional consequences and affects the different areas of the quality of life of the person who suffers from it. Trying to face the different challenges that the disease implies can feel like a burden and generate different emotional states. It has been observed that it is common, after being diagnosed, to show symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, fear, and catastrophic thoughts. The care and management of these emotional states after a cardiovascular event is important as they play a role in the prognosis and optimal recovery from the disease.

Our Clinical Psychologist will conduct a structured interview and the application of psychological assessment instruments necessary for the detection of symptoms, life stressors, support network and lifestyle of the patient with cardiovascular disease.

Nutritional assessment

The goal of nutritional evaluation in patients with cardiovascular disease is to identify patients with malnutrition (lack or excess of nutrients), analyze the biochemical factors associated with these excesses, verify if the dietary intake is adequate, and measure body composition to make a personalized and achievable nutritional plan.

For both preventive and therapeutic recommendations, the health team must consider the evaluation of lifestyle, in particular, eating habits and physical activity of each individual, in order to promote viable measures in each case.

Self-assessment

Self-assessment
Cardiovascular

Heart disease is easier to treat when caught early.

Psychological evaluation

Cardiovascular disease has physical and emotional consequences and affects the different areas of the quality of life of the person who suffers from it. Trying to face the different challenges that the disease implies can feel like a burden and generate different emotional states. It has been observed that it is common, after being diagnosed, to show symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, fear, and catastrophic thoughts. The care and management of these emotional states after a cardiovascular event is important as they play a role in the prognosis and optimal recovery from the disease.

Our Clinical Psychologist will conduct a structured interview and the application of psychological assessment instruments necessary for the detection of symptoms, life stressors, support network and lifestyle of the patient with cardiovascular disease.

guia-estudio

Nutritional assessment

The goal of nutritional evaluation in patients with cardiovascular disease is to identify patients with malnutrition (lack or excess of nutrients), analyze the biochemical factors associated with these excesses, verify if the dietary intake is adequate, and measure body composition to make a personalized and achievable nutritional plan.

For both preventive and therapeutic recommendations, the health team must consider the evaluation of lifestyle, in particular, eating habits and physical activity of each individual, in order to promote viable measures in each case.

dieta
Self-assessment

Self-assessment
Cardiovascular

Heart disease is easier to treat when caught early.

Frequently asked questions

Our
Locations

At ABC Medical Center, we are prepared to serve you in out two Campuses 24/24h, 7 days a week.

Campus Observatorio

Sur 136 No. 116, Col. Las Américas,
Álvaro Obregón, 01120, Cd. de México.

Tel. 55 5230 8000

Campus Santa Fe

Av. Carlos Graef Fernández 154, Col. Santa Fe,
Cuajimalpa, 05300, Cd. de México.

Tel. 55 1103 1600