Kidney transplant

22:00 - 4 May , 2021

Medical procedure

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What is Kidney transplant?

When a patient has suffered chronic kidney damage and is in advanced stages of the disease with a dysfunctional kidney, it is necessary to remove it and replace it with a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor. 

The high incidence of chronic degenerative diseases such as diabetes, metabolic disorders related to lifestyle and diet, obesity, and untreated hypertension have significantly increased the number of patients requiring a kidney transplant. 

There are two types of surgical technique to remove the kidney from a living donor: open and laparoscopic, although today almost all procedures are laparoscopic due to being safer for the donor and the recipient, with smaller wounds and less postoperative pain, as well as a faster recovery.

If it is concluded that you are a kidney transplant candidate, a multidisciplinary medical team will assess your case and perform the necessary medical tests to confirm the feasibility of the surgery and compatibility with the donated organ.

Postoperative recovery:

Once surgery is over, you will need to stay in the hospital for seven to ten days. The first two days you will be in the Intensive Care Unit, as you will need rigorous care to ensure that your body responds correctly to the transplant.

The recovery time will be three to four months, in which it will be necessary for you to undergo periodic examinations, and you will have to take medications for life so that your body does not reject the transplanted kidney.

Potential risks:

  • Stroke or heart attack.
  • Clots.
  • Fever, bleeding, and infection.
  • Failure of the transplanted kidney.
  • Respiratory complications.
  • Rejection of the transplanted kidney. 

As with any transplant, it is necessary that you follow all the medical indications regarding drugs prescribed and lifestyle to prevent your body from rejecting your new kidney. 

The Transplant Center, with more than ten years of service, has a multidisciplinary care model for different solid organ transplants within a highly professional, safe, and comfortable environment, in strict adherence to the highest standards in safety and patient care.

Organ and tissue transplants constitute the most important therapeutic advance in the last 50 years in the field of health sciences. Achieving this has involved practically every specialty of modern medicine.


Related centers and departments:

Fuentes: 

  • mayoclinic.org
  • kidney.org
  • niddk.nih.gov
  • medlineplus.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Álvarez-Rangel LE, Martínez-Guillén P, Granados-Ventura L, et al. Supervivencia del paciente y del injerto a largo plazo en receptores de trasplante renal. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2019;57(6):348-356.
  • Pozza SB, da Costa VA, Pereira VRL, et al. Los significados atribuidos al trasplante renal. Rev Cuba Enf. 2018;34(1):48-58.
  • Martínez LY, Gayol GEG, Vázquez MHL. Negativa al trasplante renal en la Unidad de Hemodiálisis. Abordaje desde la percepción social. Acta Med Cent. 2019;13(3):344-353.
  • Reyna-Sepúlveda F, Ponce-Escobedo A, Guevara-Charles A, et al. Complicaciones quirúrgicas y evolución en el trasplante renal. Rev Mex Traspl. 2017;6(3):85-90.

						
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