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Stroke or cerebral infarction

Key points:

  • A stroke occurs when the brain does not receive oxygen and stops working as it should. The affected cells die affecting memory, muscle control, and other motor aspects.
  • A stroke can change a person’s life and disable them, therefore, it is important to know more about this event.
  • 15 million people a year are victims of stroke worldwide.

There are two types of stroke 

Ischemic:it makes up 80% of the cases, being the most common. It is caused by a clot that gets trapped in the blood vessels that go to the brain.

The causes are:

  • Fat that accumulates in the arteries.
  • A clot or other type of residue that usually originates in the heart and is pumped into the brain bloodstream, becoming trapped in it.

Hemorrhagic stroke: caused by a burst blood vessel in the brain.

It is caused by:

  • High blood pressure.
  • Excess of blood thinners.
  • Aneurysms in the walls of blood vessels.

Any stroke could cause:

  • Loss of speech and/or communication skills.
  • Decreased memory and spatio-temporal location.
  • Loss of the ability to interpret language.
  • Deficiency in psychomotor skills, movement, swallowing, etc.

How can I prevent a stroke?

  • Staying physically active.
  • Monitoring your blood pressure so that it is within control ranges.
  • Reduce alcohol consumption and avoid tobacco.
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Regulating your cholesterol.

What signs can I observe as an indicator of a stroke?
Some basic symptoms of a cardiovascular accident are:

  • Dizziness or lack of coordination.
  • Confusion and trouble speaking.
  • Sudden lack of vision.
  • Numbness in the limbs only one side of the body.
  • Partial facial drooping.

If you detect any of these symptoms, call the emergency room immediately:
Observatorio Campus: 55 5230 8161
Santa Fe Campus: 55 1103 1666

Sources:

Día mundial del Ictus: el antes y el después de un ACV

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