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Particular characteristics of diabetes in children

23 August 2022

Diabetes in children

As in adults, diabetes mellitus in children is a metabolic disorder that prevents the body from breaking down and later using the food consumed, especially sugars.

Diabetes symptoms in children can vary depending on the type.

Type 1 diabetes in children

Type 1 diabetes in children occurs when the body no longer produces insulin, an important hormone, which must be replaced with injections or an insulin pump.

Type 1 diabetes in children was previously known as “insulin-dependent diabetes” or “juvenile diabetes,” although some refer to it as pediatric diabetes.

Although there is no cure for type 1 diabetes in children, it can be controlled and technological advances have improved the patient’s control and quality of life.

Type 2 diabetes in children

Type 2 diabetes in children is a chronic disease that affects the way the body processes glucose for energy, although this type is more common in adults.

The increase in the number of children with obesity has increased its prevalence.

How does diabetes manifest in children?

Type 1 diabetes can affect major organs in the body, so keeping blood sugar levels close to normal can, most of the time, greatly reduce the risk of other complications.

Among the symptoms to look for in type 1 diabetes in children are:

  • Increased thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Excessive hunger.
  • Unwanted weight loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Behavior changes.

Type 2 diabetes in children is usually associated with metabolic syndrome and even polycystic ovary syndrome. This type of condition can appear progressively so it may not be noticeable at first.

Some children with high blood sugar may sometimes have the following symptoms:

  • Increased thirst.
  • Very hungry.
  • Fatigue.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Dark skin areas (neck, armpits, and groin, mainly).
  • Unwanted weight loss.
  • Recurring infections.

In case of detecting one or more of these symptoms, it is recommended to provide medical attention, regardless of whether you are 0 to 3 years old or 6 to 12 years old.

Screening for diabetes is also recommended for children who have started puberty, are overweight or obese, and have at least one risk factor.

At ABC Medical Center’s Diabetes Clinic, we can provide you with specialized care. Contact us!


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    Ricardo Ostos

    Ricardo Ostos

    Content Creator

    Ricardo can convey complex medical information in an accessible and friendly way so that all of our patients can understand and benefit from it. In addition, he has an empathetic approach, offering information and practical advice that really makes a difference in people's lives. #lifebringsustogether.

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