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Diseases of the female reproductive system

20 December 2022

Aparato reproductor femenino

Different diseases of the female reproductive system can affect the possibility of having children, if desired, or even put the woman’s life at risk. The female reproductive system is made up of a group of external genital organs (labia majora and minora, clitoris, and vaginal opening) and a group of internal organs (vagina, uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes).

What is the female reproductive system’s function?

From birth, a girl has all the eggs she will have throughout her life, although these cannot become babies until puberty begins, at which time the hormones released in the body will cause the ovaries’ development.

Once the ovaries begin to develop, they will generate estrogen which will result in the development of the entire female reproductive system.

What common diseases occur in the female reproductive system?

Female reproductive system diseases are considered to be all those that occur in the vagina, cervix and uterus, breasts, or ovaries.

This type of diseases can have different origins, ranging from poor hygiene, the existence of fungi, or even genetic or hereditary factors. Although female reproductive system diseases can arise at any stage of life, it is very common that, after the age of 40, the moment in which they go through menopause, they appear more frequently.

Among the common female reproductive system diseases are:

  • Cervical Cancer. Also known as uterine cancer, it occurs most often in women who are obese or during the first stage of menopause.
  • Breast cancer. It originates in breast tissue and there are different types depending on its origin.
  • Vaginal yeast infection. It is one of the most common diseases and is caused by a fungus that arises due to the alteration of the pH of the vaginal discharge or a weak immune system.
  • Endometriosis. In the presence of tissue similar to the endometrium, it causes chronic inflammation and irregular menstruation.
  • STD. Although sexually transmitted diseases affect both men and women, in many cases in women they can cause more serious symptoms or complications.
  • Urinary infections. Due to the presence of bacteria in the urethra, this infection can result in cystitis or pyelonephritis.
  • Uterine prolapse. Alteration of the pelvic ligaments that results in the lack of adequate support in the uterus.
  • Ovarian cyst. Although some cysts may disappear on their own, they can cause complications if they don’t.
  • HPV. The human papillomavirus is one of the most common pathologies and can cause warts on the sexual organs or promote the development of cancer.

At ABC Medical Center’s Women’s Center, we can provide you with specialized care. Contact us!


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    Ricardo Ostos

    Ricardo Ostos

    Content Creator

    Ricardo can convey complex medical information in an accessible and friendly way so that all of our patients can understand and benefit from it. In addition, he has an empathetic approach, offering information and practical advice that really makes a difference in people's lives. #lifebringsustogether.

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